Ukraine: grain export logistics

15:27 | ProAgro

Name of Work


Market Research


Completed both in Russian and English

Brief Description

This large-scale research addresses the main aspects of functioning of the Ukrainian grain exports - from grain production throughout its entire way to the port export terminals and railway transfer points.

The paper describes in detail production of grain and oilseed crops in Ukraine, its current and future export potential from the point of view of the market balance articles and their changes. The grain way to the market starts in the field. The main links of the export logistic chain described in the paper include the elevator facilities, automobile, railway and river transport as well as sea ports. Another not less important aspect from the point of view of logistic expenses is issuance of the necessary export documents. For all links of the logistic chain, problems and expenses are analyzed. We tried to answer the most important question that affects all Ukrainian exporters - why the risks and expenses related to the grain logistics in Ukraine are several times higher than in other states and what are the prospects for their decrease?

Our research also describes activities of all the principal players of the grain exports market - producers, traders, mediators, and forwarders as well as their influence on price setting in the Ukrainian grain market. There is an approximate assessment of the contribution of each group of the market participants and each logistic link in the final price of grain in a port.

The paper also presents an analysis of the state policy on development of the export infrastructure in Ukraine (or impeding it), prospects for the growth of production of grain and oilseeds in Ukraine, and development of the grain logistics, as well as the respective export prospects. The data on the Ukrainian grain export are presented, and the importance of Ukraine’s place in the global grain market is evaluated.

Table of Contents

1. Research Summary

2. Market of Grain Crops and Oilseeds

2.1. Overview

2.2. Principal Trends

2.2.1. Production

2.2.2. Consumption and Trade

2.3. Development Prospects

3. Foreign Trade

3.1. Exports

3.1.1. Main Trends

3.1.2. Indicators, Dynamics, Geography, etc.

3.1.3. Leading Exporters and Foreign Buyers

3.1.4. Evaluation of Ukraine’s Place in Global Grain Market

3.2. Imports

3.2.1. Main Trends and Indicators

4. Grain Way from Field to Consumer

4.1. Overview

4.2. Main Directions of Commodity Flows

4.3. Main Links of Logistic Chain

4.3.1. Characteristics and Sequence

4.3.2. Approximate Additional Value and Share in Final Price for Consumer

4.3.3. Impact on Price Setting

4.4. Main Participants of Grain Market

4.4.1. Characteristics

4.4.2. Role in Logistic Chain

4.5. Main Logistic Problems

5. Grain Warehouses and Elevators

5.1. Place in Logistic Chain of Grain Trade

5.2. Characteristics of Grain Storage Industry

5.2.1. Indicators, Geography and Facilities, Compliance with Grain Production in Country and in Region

5.2.2. Producers’ Warehouses, "Rural" and Linear Elevators

5.2.3. Ratings of Elevators

5.2.4. Alternative Methods of Grain Storage

5.3. Technical Condition

5.3.1. Main Constructional and Technical Characteristics

5.3.2. Technical Condition

5.3.3. Opportunities for Receipt/Loading, Compliance with Transportation Channels

5.3.4. Modernization

5.4. Description of Activities

5.4.1. Provided Services and Their Cost

5.4.2. Loading

5.4.3. Elevators as Links in Trade Chain, Their Activities within Agricultural Holdings

5.4.4. Access to Warehouse Services (including delivery for storage, lease, purchase)

5.5. Owners

5.5.1. State-Owned Companies

5.5.2. Agricultural Holdings

5.5.3. Independent and "Rural" Elevators

5.5.4. Competitive Policy and Choice of Strategy

5.6. Industry Problems, Specific Features and Risks of Grain Storage

5.7. Prospects of Branch Development

6. Automobile Transportation

6.1. Place in Logistic Chain of Grain Trade

6.2. Description of Automobile Transportation of Grain

6.2.1. Main Advantages of Automobile Transportation

6.2.2. Principal Geography and Directions

6.2.3. Automobile Fleet, Availability of Specialized Equipment

6.3. Approximate Cost of Transportation and Dependence on Distance

6.4. Problems and Prospects of Development of Automobile Transportation

7. Railway Transportation

7.1. Place of Grain Trade in Logistic Chain

7.2. Description of Railway Transportation of Grain

7.2.1. Main Areas and Volumes of Transportation

7.2.2. Export Transitions

7.2.3. Availability and Condition of Hopper Fleet

7.3. Cost of Railway Transportation

7.3.1. Railway Tariffs, Components and Dynamics Thereof

7.3.2. Calculation of Cost for Main Transportation Directions

7.3.3. Impact of Tariffs and Cost on Volumes and Profitability of Grain Trade

7.4. Organization of Transportation

7.5. Hoppers Lease and Procurement

7.5.1. Advantages/Disadvantages

7.5.2. Private Transportation and Owners

7.6. Problems and Prospects of Development of Railway Transportation

8. River Transportation

8.1. Place in Logistic Chain of Grain Trade

8.2. Causes of Interest for Development of River Transportation

8.3. Description of River Transportation of Grain

8.3.1. Main Trends, Directions and Volumes of Transportation

8.3.2. River Through-Passages and Main Terminals, Technical Condition and Opportunities

8.3.3. Compliance with Volumes of Regional Production and Location of Elevators

8.3.4. Tow and Barge Facilities

8.4. Evaluation of Cost of River Transportation of Grain to Ports and for Export

8.4.1. Tariffs and Total Cost

8.4.2. Comparison with Transportation by Other Types of Transport

8.5. Analysis of Perspectives for Development of River Transportation of Grain for Grain Trading Companies

8.6. Problems and Prospects of Construction of River Terminals and Development of River Transportation

9. Sea Ports

9.1. Place in Logistic Chain of Grain Trade

9.2. Description of Port Industry in terms of Grain Trade

9.2.1. Grain Ports and Their Comparison: Main Characteristics, Received Vessels

9.2.2. Leading Port Grain Terminals, Their Comparison and Technical Equipment

9.2.3. Methods of Port Transshipment of Grain, Their Comparison

9.2.4. Volumes and Dynamics of Grain Export through Ports

9.3. Owners and Operators of Port Terminals

9.4. Tariffs and Cost

9.4.1. Port Tariffs and Other Components of Transshipment Cost, Dynamics

9.4.2. Impact on Dynamics of Loading and Profitability of Grain Trade

9.4.3. Freight as Element of Influencing Final Cost

9.5. Competition among Ports for Grain Flows

9.6. Legal Basis for Functioning of Ports and Grain Terminals, Interaction with State-Owned Ports

9.7. Problems and Prospects

9.7.1. Existing Problems and Ways to Solve Them

9.7.2. Prospects for Construction of Port Grain Terminals and Increase of Export Potential

9.7.3. Development of Ports

10. Other Logistic Expenses

10.1. Licensing

10.2. Certification

10.3. Other

11. State Policy on Grain Logistics

12. Activities of Forwarders

12.1. Main Methods of Work and Cooperation with Grain Trading Companies

12.2. Large Ukrainian Forwarders

13. Methods of Decreasing Logistic Expenses

13.1. Methodology of Calculation of Logistic Expenses

13.2. Ways to Decrease Logistic Expenses

13.3. Forwarder within Grain Trading Company: Advantages/Disadvantages

14. Prospects for Development of Grain Export Logistics

15. Statistics

16. Appendixes

Tables & Diagrams

see PA_UkrGrainLogistics_2010_Eng_adv.pdf


225 pages (11 ppt Times New Roman), incl. main part - 191 pages, + statistics and main appendixes


Additional Appendixes

Database of all Ukrainian grain producers (MS Excel, in Ukrainian)
Database of Ukrainian grain storage enterprises


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  • additional appendixes

Russian Version

see "Украина: логистика экспорта зерна"

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